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IELTS writing task 2 online course

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Types of essay in IELTS writing task 2

Types of essay in IELTS writing task 2

types of essay in ielts writing task 2
types of essay in IELTS writing task 2

In this lesson of IELTS writing task 2 online course, you will know the different Types of essay in IELTS writing task 2.

The structure of an IELTS essay does not change, no matter what the question is. But the types of essay in IELTS writing task 2 depends on how you build your introduction and how you divide the information into paragraphs.

Opinion essay

Opinion essay is about expressing your point of view. You can fully agree with a certain statement, partially or express complete disagreement.

Method 1 . Candidate Strongly Agrees or Strongly Disagrees

In this case, each argument in support of your point of view should be devoted to a paragraph. In this type of essay, you indicate your opinion in the introduction and conclusion.

Structure of opinion essay 1:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Sentence 2. Express your opinion (full agreement or disagreement)

Main part:

  1. First paragraph
    • Sentence 1. Topic sentence (idea 1)
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support idea 1
  2. Second paragraph
    • Sentence 1. Topic sentence (idea 2)
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support idea 2

Conclusion

Method 2 . Applicant partially agrees or partially disagrees

Choosing a balanced approach, you should not only describe the problem from two sides (one paragraph – points for, and the second – points against), but also indicate which position is closer to you. In this case, it is advisable to start with an idea that is less close to you, and devote the second paragraph to the one that you adhere to. You must indicate your position in three places: in the introduction, in the conclusion, and in the topic sentence of the second paragraph.

Structure of opinion essay 2:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Sentence 2. Express your opinion (partial agreement or disagreement)

Main part:

  1. First paragraph. Less close position
    • Sentence 1
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support this position
  2. Second paragraph. closer position
    • Sentence 1
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support this position

Conclusion

Opinion Essay sample

opinion essay sample
opinion essay sample

In the introduction, the author expresses his opinion, starting with the words in my opinion. In the first paragraph, he indicates the position that is less close to him, and in the second, the one to which he is more inclined. 

At the same time, he gives consistent and convincing arguments in support of his opinion with the help of introductory constructions on the one hand, on the other hand. 

In the conclusion, the author uses the introductory phrase in conclusion and summarizes his opinion with the phrase I am still convinced that.

Discussion essay

In this type of IELTS essay, you are given a topic to argue for and against. Own opinion should be indicated only if it is mentioned in the task. 

If it is required, then the structure of the work will coincide with the balanced approach (method 2) opinion essay.

Structure of the discussion essay:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Suggestion 2. Indicate existing points of view and, if necessary, your opinion

Main part:

  1. First paragraph. Less close position
    • Sentence 1
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support this position
  2. Second paragraph. closer position
    • Sentence 1
    • Proposals 2–6. Arguments and examples to support this position

Conclusion

Discussion essay sample

discussion essay sample
discussion essay sample

The author expresses his opinion using the phrases from my perspective, it is true that; in conclusion, although … I think. He introduces arguments for and against with the phrases on the one hand, the reasons why people enjoy; on the other hand, I believe.

The main difference between opinion essay and discussion essay: in the first case, you describe your point of view, and in the second, you agree or refute someone else’s. If in an opinion essay you can give examples from your life, then in a discussion essay you reasonably explain why some people hold certain views, while others hold the opposite.

Consider the difference using examples of parts from paragraphs:

Opinion essayDiscussion essay
Some people believe that video games are bad, while others think playing these games is beneficial.
What is your opinion?
Some people believe that video games are bad, while others think playing these games is beneficial.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
On the one hand, I agree that video games have some undeniable benefits. Firstly, I would argue that playing video games is a way to relax after hard-working hours. For example, my brother has to go to school on every weekday and to do a lot of assignments at home, which is very stressful. Therefore, playing video games during his free time can help reduce the stress from his studies.On the one hand, it is agreed that video games have some undeniable benefits. Firstly, many people argue that playing video games is a way to relax after hard-working hours. For example, many students have to go to school on every weekday and to do a lot of assignments at home, which is very stressful. Therefore, playing video games during their free time can help reduce the stress from their studies.

Advantage and disadvantage essay

At its core, an advantage and disadvantage essay is the same as a discussion essay, only you need to describe the pros and cons of an idea or some kind of phenomenon. You list the pros in one paragraph and the cons in the other, the order doesn’t matter.

Advantage and disadvantage essay structure:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Sentence 2. Summarize that you are going to consider the pros and cons of the indicated idea or phenomenon.

Main part:

  1. First paragraph
    • Sentence 1
    • Proposals 2–6. 2 arguments
  2. Second paragraph
    • Proposal 1. Topic sentence.
    • Proposals 2–6. 2 arguments

Conclusion

Sample advantages and disadvantages essay

Advantage and disadvantage essay sample
Advantage and disadvantage essay sample

The words benefits, advantageous and to benefit indicate the benefits of a year’s break in training, while drawbacks, an opposite angle, to lose and to demotivate indicate the disadvantages of this phenomenon. At the end, the author draws a conclusion using the phrase despite some benefits.

Useful words and expressions:

Word/Phrase
a gap year
to gain enormous popularity among high school graduates
to acquire knowledge of smth
a temporary job
career orientation
a vocational course
a permanent job
stable income
learning habits
discipline
to demotivate
tertiary education

Cause and effect or solution essay

In this type of essay, you need to indicate the causes and consequences of a certain problem, and sometimes suggest ways to solve it.

Structure:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Suggestion 2. Summarize the answers to the questions

Main part:

  1. First paragraph
    • Proposal 1. Topic sentence. Give a general answer to the first question
    • Proposals 2–6. Give a detailed description
  2. Second paragraph
    • Proposal 1. Topic sentence. Give a general answer to the second question
    • Proposals 2–6. Give a detailed description

Conclusion

Sample cause and effect or solution essay

cause and effect or solution essay sample
cause and effect or solution essay sample

Listing the reasons, the author uses the following expressions: main reasons, the causes of this phenomenon are varied, the origins of the problem mainly come from. To enumerate the consequences, he uses the expressions a good or bad effect, to have an influence, severe influences, is adversely affecting and the effects can be seen as negative.

Useful words:

Word
to compel
to engender
to deem
seclusion
to render

Direct question essay

In an essay with directly posed questions, it is required to answer each of them in a separate paragraph, giving 2 arguments each.

Structure:

Introduction:

  1. Suggestion 1. Rephrase the task
  2. Suggestion 2. Summarize the answers to the questions

Main part:

  1. First paragraph
    • Proposal 1. Topic sentence. Give a general answer to the first question
    • Proposals 2–6. Give arguments and examples
  2. Second paragraph
    • Proposal 1. Topic sentence. Give a general answer to the second question
    • Proposals 2–6. Give arguments and examples

Conclusion

Sample direct question essay

Direct question essay sample
Direct question essay sample

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