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  1. General Overview
    General Overview of IELTS Reading Section
  2. IELTS Academic reading structure
  3. IELTS General reading structure
  4. IELTS Reading scores
  5. A step by step guide to improve Reading Skills
  6. Question Types in IELTS Reading
    Question Types in IELTS Reading Exam
  7. Master Note Taking question on IELTS Reading
  8. Matching Heading question on IELTS Reading section
  9. Matching Features question on IELTS Reading
  10. True / False / Not Given question on IELTS Reading section
  11. Summary Completion question on IELTS Reading
  12. Table completion question on IELTS Reading section
  13. Flow Chart Completion Question in IELTS Reading section
  14. Academic Reading Tests
    IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 1
    3 Exams
  15. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 2
    3 Exams
  16. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 3
    3 Exams
  17. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 4
    3 Exams
  18. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 5
    3 Exams
  19. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 6
    3 Exams
  20. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 7
    3 Exams
  21. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 8
    3 Exams
  22. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 9
    3 Exams
  23. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 10
    3 Exams
  24. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 11
    3 Exams
  25. IELTS Academic Reading Practice Test 12
    3 Exams
  26. General Training Reading Tests
    IELTS General Reading Practice Test 1
    3 Exams
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Exam 31 of 39

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading exam

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading answers and explanation

A new IELTS Reading Academic test passage 1 from Cambridge IELTS 15 Reading test 3 Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading answers with location.

In this IELTS Reading exam, you will find Roman tunnels IELTS reading answers with location mini-IELTS

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation
Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

In the answer tab, you can find Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS reading answers with location

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading passage 1 test

READING PASSAGE 1

Questions

Passage

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13 which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Henry Moore (1898-1986)

The British sculptor Henry Moore was a leading figure in the 20th-century art world

Henry Moore was born in Castleford, a small town near Leeds in the north of England. He was the seventh child of Raymond Moore and his wife Mary Baker. He studied at Castleford Grammar School from 1909 to 1915, where his early interest in art was encouraged by his teacher Alice Gostick. After leaving school, Moore hoped to become a sculptor, but instead he complied with his father’s wish that he train as a schoolteacher. He had to abandon his training in 1917 when he was sent to France to fight in the First World War.

After the war, Moore enrolled at the Leeds School of Art, where he studied for two years. In his first year, he spent most of his time drawing. Although he wanted to study sculpture, no teacher was appointed until his second year. At the end of that year, he passed the sculpture examination and was awarded a scholarship to the Royal College of Art in London. In September 1921, he moved to London and began three years of advanced study in sculpture.

Alongside the instruction he received at the Royal College, Moore visited many of the London museums, particularly the British Museum, which had a wide-ranging collection of ancient sculpture. During these visits, he discovered the power and beauty of ancient Egyptian and African sculpture. As he became increasingly interested in these ‘primitive’ forms of art, he turned away from European sculptural traditions.

After graduating, Moore spent the first six months of 1925 travelling in France. When he visited the Trocadero Museum in Paris, he was impressed by a cast of a Mayan* sculpture of the rain spirit. It was a male reclining figure with its knees drawn up together, and its head at a right angle to its body. Moore became fascinated with this stone sculpture, which he thought had a power and originality that no other stone sculpture possessed. He himself started carving a variety of subjects in stone, including depiction of reclining women, mother-and-child groups, and masks.

Moore’s exceptional talent soon gained recognition, and in 1926 he started work as a sculpture instructor at the Royal College. In 1933, he became a member of a group of young artists called Unit One. The aim of the group was to convince the English public of the merits of the emerging international movement in modern art and architecture.

Around this time, Moore moved away from the human figure to experiment with abstract shapes. In 1931, he held an exhibition at the Leicester Galleries in London. His work was enthusiastically welcomed by fellow sculptors, but the reviews in the press were extremely negative and turned Moore into a notorious figure. There were calls for his resignation from the Royal College, and the following year, when his contract expired, he left to start a sculpture department at the Chelsea School of Art in London.

Throughout the 1930s, Moore did not show any inclination to please the British public. He became interested in the paintings of the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, whose work inspired him to distort the human body in a radical way. At times, he seemed to abandon the human figure altogether. The pages of his sketchbooks from this period show his ideas for abstract sculptures that bore little resemblance to the human form.

In 1940, during the Second World War, Moore stopped teaching at the Chelsea School and moved to a farmhouse about 20 miles north of London. A shortage of materials forced him to focus on drawing. He did numerous small sketches of Londoners, later turning these ideas into large coloured drawings in his studio. In 1942, he returned to Castleford to make a series of sketches of the miners who worked there.

In 1944, Harlow, a town near London, offered Moore a commission for a sculpture depicting a family. The resulting work signifies a dramatic change in Moore’s style, away from the experimentation of the 1930s towards a more natural and humanistic subject matter. He did dozens of studies in clay for the sculpture, and these were cast in bronze and issued in editions of seven to nine copies each. In this way, Moore’s work became available to collectors all over the world. The boost to his income enabled him to take on ambitious projects and start working on the scale he felt his sculpture demanded.

Critics who had begun to think that Moore had become less revolutionary were proven wrong by the appearance, in 1950, of the first of Moore’s series of standing figures in bronze, with their harsh and angular pierced forms and distinct impression of menace. Moore also varied his subject matter in the 1950s with such works as Warrior with Shield and Falling Warrior. These were rare examples of Moore’s use of the male figure and owe something to his visit to Greece in 1951, when he had the opportunity to study ancient works of art.

In his final years, Moore created the Henry Moore Foundation to promote art appreciation and to display his work. Moore was the first modern English sculptor to achieve international critical acclaim and he is still regarded as one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century.

*Mayan: belonging to an ancient civilisation that inhabited parts of current-day Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras.

Now start to answer “Henry Moore (1898-1986)” questions. You will have 20 minutes to answer questions 1 to 13.

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Related articles

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS reading Questions

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading Answers

QuestionsAnswers
1TRUE
2FALSE
3NOT GIVEN
4TRUE
5NOT GIVEN
6FALSE
7TRUE
8resignation
9materials
10miners
11family
12collectors
13income

Henry Moore (1898-1986) IELTS Reading vocabulary

VocabularyExamples
sculptor/ˈskʌlptər/

( noun ). Sculptor; graver

Ex: Many sculptors work in clay, but I can get greater detail and flexibility from wax

comply/kəmˈplaɪ/

( verb ). Follow

Ex: There are serious penalties for failure to comply with the regulations

train/tren/

( verb ). train

Ex: The crew are well trained to deal with emergencies

sculpture/ˈskʌlptʃər/

( noun ). Sculpture

Ex: She creates sculptures out of scrap materials

enroll/ɪnˈrəʊl/

( verb ). admission, enrollment

Ex: You need to enroll before the end of August

appointment/əˈpɔɪnt/

( verb ). to appoint

Ex: They have appointed a new head teacher at my son’s school

reputation/ˌrepjuˈteɪʃn/

( noun ). reputation

Ex: The company enjoys an international reputation for quality of design

award/əˈwɔːd/

( verb ). reward

Ex: The prize is awarded annually for the best new building

advanced/ədˈvɑːnst/

( adj ). modern, advanced

Ex: Sweden has a reputation for advanced and stylish design

aware/əˈweər/

( adj ). There is awareness

Ex: They suddenly became aware of people looking at them

ancient/ˈeɪnʃənt/

( adj ). old

Ex: People have lived in this valley since ancient times

especially/pəˈtɪkjələli/

( adv ). specifically

Ex: Traffic is bad, especially in the city centre

discover/dɪˈskʌvər/

( verb ). Discover

Ex: She recently discovered two fungi that were new to science

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