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Top IELTS Vocabulary

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Top IELTS Vocabulary

Top IELTS vocabulary you need to maximize your score

Abandon

  •   ਅਬੈਨ੍ਡਨ = ਤਿਆਗ ,ਛੱਡਣਾ , ਤਿਆਗਣਾ
  •  
  •   अबैन्डन = त्याग करना, छोड़ देना

Her parents abandoned her at an early age.

Sailors abandoned the ship when storm approached


Ability

  •   ਅਬਿਲਿਟੀ = ਸਮਰੱਥਾ ,ਤਾਕਤ ,ਯੋਗਤਾ , ਕਾਬਲੀਅਤ
  •  
  •   अबिलिटी = क्षमता, प्रतिभा, योग्यता

Both players showed their ability to hit the ball hard.


Accurate

  •  ਐਕੂਰੋਟ = ਠੀਕ, ਸਹੀ, ਦਰੁਸਤ
  •  
  •   आक्युरेट = एकदम सही, ठीक

The figures about sales of shoes, he gave were not accurate.


Acquire

  •   ਅਕ੍ਵਾਇਅਰ = ਲੈਣਾ , ਹਾਸਲ
  •  
  •   अक्वाइअर = प्राप्त करना, हासिल करना

"I managed to acquire all the books for exam that I needed"


Activity

  •   ਐਕ੍ਟਿਵਿਟੀ = ਕੰਮ , ਕਾਰਜ , ਸਰਗਰਮੀ
  •   ऐक्टिवटी = हलचल, गतिविधि

Some schools do not give weightage to extracurricular activities.


Acute

  •   ਅਕ੍ਯੂਟ = ਬਹੁਤਾ , ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ
  •   अक्यूट = तेज़, धारदार

There is an acute shortage of water in our area.


Adapt

  •   ਆਡੈਪਟ = ਕੰਮ ਦੇ ਮੁਤਾਬਿਕ ਢਾਲਨਾ
  •   अडैप्ट = बदलना, के अनुरूप बनाना

Indian students adapt themselves easily according to the foreign culture.

"If you want to stay alive, you better learn to adapt," Elise advised.


Affect

  •   ਆੱਫੇਕਟ = ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ ਪਾਉਣਾ
  •   अफेक्ट = प्रभाव डालना, प्रभावित करना

The huge amount of polluting compounds produced will adversely affect humans and the environment.


Allocate

  •   ਅਲੋਕੇਟ = ਵੰਡ , ਵੰਡਣਾ
  •   अलोकेट = बाँटना, बटवारा करना

The govt. must allocate pensions for the retired.


Almighty

  •   ਓਲ੍ਮਾਇਟੀ = ਸਰਬਸ਼ਕਤੀਮਾਨ
  •   ऑल्माइटी = सर्वशक्तिमान्

The vision of the Almighty is full of majesty and peace.


Amid

  •   ਅਮਿਡ = ਦਰਮਿਆਨ , ਵਿਚਕਾਰ
  •   अमिड = मध्य में, के दौरान

Alley stepped out on the stage amid the cheers of the audience, bowed and talked about his experience.


Ancient

  •   ਅਨਸ਼ੀਅਨਟ = ਪੁਰਾਣਾ , ਪ੍ਰਾਚੀਨ
  •   एन्षियेंट = बहुत पुराना, प्राचीन

The national park has thousands of ancient archaeological sites.


Anthology

  •   ਅਨਥੋਲੋਜੀ = ਸੰਕਲਨ, ਸੰਗ੍ਰਹਿ
  •   ऐन्थालजी = समुदाय, संग्रह, संकलन

It’s an anthology of “geeky” short stories.


Alter

  •   ਆਲਟਰ = ਬਦਲਣਾ, ਬਦਲ ਦੇਣਾ
  •   ऑल्टर = बदलना, परिवर्तन करना

The results of his trip to the mortal world would forever alter his life.


Alternative

  •   ਆਲਟਰਨੇਟਵ = ਦੂਜਾ , ਕੋਈ ਹੋਰ
  •   आल्टर्नेटिव = विकल्प , दो में से कोई एक

They had no alternative but to drive the additional distance.

He had no alternative but to leave.


Amazing

  •   ਅਮੇਜ਼ਿਂਗ = ਚਮਤਕਾਰੀ , ਬਹੁਤ ਵਧਿਯਾ
  •   अमेज़िंग = आश्चर्यजनक, ग़ज़ब, अद्भुत

It was amazing how things returned to normal so quickly when they got on the plane.

It was amazing how much they could change in less than a week.


Ambiguous

  •   ਆਮ੍ਬਿਗਉਸ = ਜਿਸ ਚੀਜ਼ ਦਾ ਮਤਲਬ ਸਾਫ ਨਾ ਹੋਵੇ
  •   ऐम्बिग्यूअस = अस्पष्ट, संदिग्ध

There are a number of specific issues left somewhat ambiguous in the document.


Anthologist

  •   ਆਂਤੋਲੋਗੀਸਟ = ਸੰਗ੍ਰਾਹਕਰਤਾ, ਸੰਕਲੰਕਰਤਾ
  •   आँतोलोजिस्ट = संकलनकर्ता, संग्रहकर्ता

He became a member of a literary society in Cambridge, known as the Anthology Club.


Anticipate

  •   ਆਂਟਿਸਿਪੇਟ = ਉਮੀਦ ਕਰਨਾ, ਸੋਚ ਰਖਣਾ
  •   ऐन्टिसपेट = उम्मीद करना, पूर्वानुमान करना, पहले ही विचार कर लेना

I anticipate good marks in my test because I have been studying really hard this session.


Appear

  •   ਅਪੀਯਰ = ਦਿਖਣਾ, ਨਿਕਲਨਣਾ
  •   अपीयर = हाजिर होना, दिखाई पड़ना

I was thinking of my friend John when suddenly he appeared on the street in front of me.


Appearance

  •   ਅਪੀਯਰੇਨ੍ਸ = ਆਕਾਰ, ਰੂਪ, ਸ਼ਕਲ
  •   अपीयरेन्स = पेशी, उपस्थिति, दिखावट, रूप

Physical appearance appears to be a powerful determinant of one's first impression of an individual.

I find her appearance attractive.


Appreciate

  •   ਅਪ੍ਰੀਸ਼ਿਯੇਟ = ਪ੍ਰਸੰਸਾ ਕਰਨਾ, ਸਰਹਾਨਾ
  •   अप्रीशीऐट = सराहना, प्रशंसा करना, तारीफ करना

I appreciate your concern, but I'm afraid there is nothing I can do about it.


Approach

  •   ਅਪ੍ਰੋਚ = ਪਹੁੰਚ, ਪੁੱਜ, ਸੰਪਰਕ
  •   अप्रोच = निकटता, पहुँच

There are often several approaches to diagnosing and treating a health problem.


Appropriate

  •   ਅਪ੍ਰੋਪ੍ਰੀਯੇਟ = ਉਚਿਤ, ਮੁਨਾਸਬ
  •   अप्रोप्रीऐट = उचित, योग्य, वाजिब

Informal language is not appropriate when you write academic papers.


Archeologist

  •   ਆਰ੍ਕਇਓਲੋਗੀਸਟ = ਪੁਰਾਤਤਵ
  •   आर्चेलजीस्ट = पुरातत्त्ववेत्ता

The site was rediscovered by a British archaeologist in 1852 after six years of searching.


Arctic

  •   ਆਰ੍ਕਟਿਕ = ਜ਼ਿਯਦਾ ਠੰਡਾ, ਉੱਤਰੀ ਧ੍ਰੂਵੀ
  •   अर्क्टिक = उत्तर ध्रुवीय, अत्यधिक ठंडा

There is a type of bird which migrates a total distance of about 18,000 miles each year, from the Arctic to the Antarctic.


Arguably

  •   ਆਰਗਯੂਏਬਲੀ = ਯਕੀਨਨ
  •   आर्ग्यूअब्ली = विवादास्पद रूप से

Agriculture is arguably poorer member’s highest priority.

It is also arguable that such conduct would fall foul of the Human Rights Act 1998.


Arouse

  •   ਅਰਾਉਜ਼ = ਭਡ਼ਕਾਨਾ, ਉਕਸਾਣਾ, ਚੌਂਕਾ ਦੇਣਾ
  •   अराउज़ = उकसाना, उत्तेजित

The landlady came up herself to arouse the fire.


Articulate

  •   ਆਰਟੀਕੁਲੇਟ = ਸਪਸ਼ਟ, ਸਾਫ ਬੋਲਣਾ
  •   आर्टिक्युलेट = स्पष्ट, साफ बोलना

He is well-dressed, articulate and eager to escape.

We just happen to be really good and articulate with speech.


Associate

  •   ਅਸੋਸੀਯੇਟ = ਸਾਥੀ, ਸਹਿਯੋਗੀ, ਸਹਿਕਰਮੀ, ਭਾਈਵਾਲ
  •   असोसीयेट = सहभागी, सहयोगी, साथी

She doesn't usually associate with her co-workers.

She has worked as associate producer on a number of small, independent films.


Audince

  •   ਆਡਿਯੇਨ੍ਸ = ਸ੍ਰੋਤੇ, ਦਰਸ਼ਕ
  •   ऑडीअन्स = दर्शक, श्रोता

The audience gave him a standing ovation.


Autonomous

  •   ਔਟੋਂਨੋਮੌਸ = ਨਿੱਜੀ, ਸਵਤੰਤਰ
  •   औटोनोमस = स्वतन्त्र

Certain groups are demanding an autonomous Sikh state in India


Belittle

  •   ਬਿਲਿਟ੍ਲ = ਅਨਾਦਰ ਕਰਨਾ, ਅਪਮਾਨ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   बिलिटल = अपमान करना, अनादर करना, छोटा समझना

The two cover articles belittle the Starr report--one on legal grounds, the other on literary grounds.


Besiege

  •   ਬੀਸੀਜ਼ = ਘੇਰ ਲੇਨਾ
  •   बिसीज = घेर लेना, घेरा डालना

The Assyrian armies of Sennacherib destroyed Israel and moved southward to besiege Jerusalem.


Bias

  •   ਬਾਇਯਸ = ਬੇਇਨਸਾਫ਼ੀ, ਪੱਖਪਾਤ, ਤਰਫ਼ਦਾਰੀ
  •   बाइअस = पक्षपात, तरफदारी करना

The Canadian team accused the French judge of being biased towards the Russian couple in the Olympic figure skating competition.


Biodiversity

  •   ਬਾਯੋਡਾਇਵਰ੍ਸਿਟੀ = ਜੈਵ ਵਿਵਿਧਤਾ
  •   बाइओडाइवर्सटी = जैव-विविधता

When it comes to biodiversity, all land is definitely not created equal.

Loss of biodiversity translates into economic losses to agriculture, medicine and the biotech industries.


Bioengineer

  •   ਬਾਇਓਇਂਜਿਨਿਯਰ = ਜੈਵ ਅਭਿਯੰਤ੍ਰਿਕ
  •   बाइओइंजिनियर = जैव अभियांत्रिक

Bioengineering and other advanced science fields are becoming very prominent in these times.


Bottom Up

  •   ਬਾਟਮ ਅਪ = ਨੀਚੇ ਤੋ ਉਪਰ, ਉਲਟਾ
  •   बॉटम उप = नीचे से ऊपर, उल्टा

They made camp at the bottom of a crescent shaped dune.


Brace

  •   ਬ੍ਰੇਸ = ਜੋੜੀ, ਬੰਧਨ
  •   ब्रेस = बंधन, संबंध, जोड़ा

We braced the ceiling with some wooden supports while the new beam was put in place.


Brainchild

  •   ਬ੍ਰੇਨਚਾਇਲ੍ਡ = ਦਿਮਾਗ ਦੀ ਉਪਜ, ਆਪਣਾ ਵਿਚਾਰ
  •   ब्रेन्चाइल्ड = आविष्कार, मौलिक विचार, अपना विचार

This revolution did not happen overnight, nor was it the brainchild of a single entrepreneur.


Brief

  •   ਬ੍ਰੀਫ = ਸੰਖਿਪਤ, ਸੰਖੇਪ
  •   ब्रीफ = संक्षिप्त वृतान्त, संक्षिप्त, संक्षेप

Please try to keep this discussion brief; everyone is tired, and wants to go home.


Buffet

  •  ਬਫੇ = ਥੱਪੜ, ਮੁੱਕਾ, ਧਕਾ ਮੁੱਕੀ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   बफे = धक्के मारना, धक्का मुक्की करना, लड़ना, मारना

Winds buffeted the tent.

The wind buffeted him.


Canopy

  •   ਕੈਨਾਪੀ = ਛਤਰ, ਸ਼ਾਮਿਆਨਾ
  •   कैनपी = छतरी, शामियाना, छत्र

Trees arched over the road, forming a canopy of leaves.


Capillary

  •   ਕੈਪਿਲਰੀ = ਕੇਸ਼ਿਕਾ, ਬਾਲ ਕ ਸਮਾਨ ਸੂਕਸ਼ਮ
  •   कैपलेरी = केशिका

In addition, each cell is in contact with a number of capillaries.


Casual

  •   ਕੈਸ਼੍ਹੁਯਲ = ਲਾਪਰਵਾਹ, ਸਰਸਰੀ
  •   कैश़ूअल = अनौपचारिक, लापरवाही से किया गया, लापरवाह

The party is very casual, so you don't need to wear anything special.


Cease

  •   ਸੀਜ਼ = ਛੱਡਣਾ, ਖਤਮ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   सीज़ = अन्त होना, समाप्ति

The rain finally ceased falling just after midnight.


Challenge

  •   ਚੈਲੇਂਜ = ਚੁਣੌਤੀ, ਲਲਕਾਰ
  •   चैलन्ज = चुनौती, ललकार

The first serious challenge of this new government is to bring the budget under control.


Citation

  •   ਸਾਇਟੇਸ਼ਨ = ਉਦਾਹਰਨ, ਹਵਾਲਾ
  •   साइटेशन = बुलावा, हवाला, उल्लेख

The policeman was given a citation for bravery after saving a child from a burning car.


Classify

  •   ਕ੍ਲਾਸੀਫਾਯ = ਵਰਗੀਕਰਨ
  •   क्लासिफाइ = वर्गीकृत होना, वगीर्करण करना

The government has announced plans to classify videos so that parents will know if a film is okay for young viewers.


Cluster

  •   ਕ੍ਲਸ੍ਟਰ = ਝੁੰਡ, ਗੁੱਛਾ
  •   क्लस्टर = गुच्छा, झुंड, समूह, भीड़

Many of Canada's cities are clustered along the American border.


Coax

  •   ਕੋਆਕ੍ਜ਼ = ਬਹਿਲਨਾ ਫੁਸਲਾਉਣਾ, ਚਾਪਲੂਸੀ
  •   कोक्स = समाक्ष, पटाना, फुसलाना, बहलाना, चापलूसी

If anyone can coax an unwilling soul out of a human brain, you can.


Cognitive

  •   ਕਾਗ੍ਨਿਟਿਵ = ਗਿਆਨ ਸਂਬੰਦੀ
  •   काग्निटिव = ज्ञानात्मक, ज्ञान-संबंधी, संज्ञानात्मक

At a higher cognitive level, you might be comparing what you read with your own experiences


Coincidence

  •   ਕੋਇੰਸੀਡੇਨ੍ਸ = ਸੰਜੋਗ, ਇਤਫ਼ਾਕ
  •   कोइन्सिडन्स = संयोग, इत्तिफ़ाक़

It is a coincidence that the show opened in the current delicate economic climate.

Now scientists are exploiting this coincidence to treat the cancer with avaccine that targets the virus and slows tumor regrowth.


Collapse

  •   ਕੋਲੈਪ੍ਸ = ਡਿਗਣਾ, ਵਿਨਾਸ਼, ਢੇਰ ਹੋ ਜਾਣਾ
  •   कलैप्स = दुर्घटना, एकाएक गिरना, विनाश, पतन

Now the rains turn the roofs to sludge, which causes buildings to collapse.

If you take government out of the equation, they collapse.


Combat

  •   ਕਾਂਬੈਟ = ਟੱਕਰ, ਲੜਾਈ
  •   काम्बैट = भिड़न्त, युद्ध, संग्राम

Her job is to train soldiers in hand-to-hand combat.

Two dropped out because of combat wounds that required attention.


Commercial

  •   ਕਮਰ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਿਯਲ = ਵਪਾਰਕ, ਵਿਗਯਪਣ
  •   कमर्षियल = विज्ञापन, व्यवसायिक, व्यापारिक, रेडियो या टीवी पर विज्ञापन

Seventy per cent of the trade is in textbooks, which leaves publishers are relatively small commercial market.

Yet today, signs of commercial success are everywhere.


Community

  •   ਕਮ੍ਯੂਨਿਟੀ = ਸਮਾਜ, ਕੌਮ, ਬਰਾਦਰੀ
  •   कम्यूनिटी = संप्रदाय, समुदाय, समूह, जाति

The science community laments that people deny the evidence science produces.

People want to know who has achieved success now, today, in our community.


Companion

  •   ਕਂਪੈਨਿਯਨ = ਜੁੱਟ, ਜੋੜੀਦਾਰ
  •   कंपैनियन = सहयोगी, साथी, हिस्सेदार

The developers have missed a trick with the free companion app, though.

Money usually traveled with a companion called trouble.


Complex

  •   ਕਾਂਪ੍ਲੇਕ੍ਸ = ਜਟਿਲ, ਗੁੰਝਲਦਾਰ
  •   काम्प्लेक्स = पेचीदा, जटिल

"This business is more complex than I thought," he admitted.

To understand those more complex historical issues, students must know the approximate dates of the famine.


Conceal

  •   ਕਨ੍ਸੀਲ = ਛੁਪਾਉਣਾ, ਲੁਕਾਉਣਾ, ਢਕਣਾ
  •   कन्सील = छिपाना, गुप्त रखना, परदा करना

On top, place a container without a drain hole, and conceal it with more pebbles.

In the living room, they created a built in display case to showcase art and conceal stereo equipment.


Concentrate

  •   ਕਾਨ੍ਸੇਂਟ੍ਰੇਟ = ਕੇਂਦਰਿਤ
  •   कान्सन्ट्रेट = ध्यान केन्द्रित करना, ध्यान लगाना

Sometimes the audio would cut out as well, which made it harder for them to concentrate.

They would concentrate on capturing the intentions of computer users.


Concept

  •   ਕਾਨ੍ਸੇਪ੍ਟ = ਵਿਚਾਰ, ਸੰਕਲਪ, ਧਾਰਣਾ
  •   कन्सेप्ट = विचार, संकल्पना, धारणा

The whole concept is ridiculous.

There were three bedrooms and an open concept kitchen dining area with a cathedral ceiling.


Conceptual

  •   ਕਾਨ੍ਸੇਪ੍ਚੂਯਲ = ਵੇਚਾਰਿਕ
  •   कन्सेप्चूअल = प्रत्ययात्मक, वैचारिक

A distinction must either be real or purely conceptual.

He is a highly conceptual, creative human being, whose ability to generate new ideas it NOT LIMITED by any mechanical obstacle.


Configuration

  •   ਕਾਨਫਿਗਰੇਸ਼ਨ = ਸਰੂਪ, ਬਨਾਵਟ
  •   कन्फिग्यरेशन = समाकृति, आकृति

The surface configuration of almost all the strip is remarkably uniform.


Conjunction

  •   ਕਂਜਂਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਜੋੜ, ਸੰਗਮ
  •   कन्जंगक्शन = जोड़, मेल, संगम

Afterwards in conjunction with Brandenburg and Denmark he attacked Charles XI.


Consequent

  •   ਕੋਂਸੇਕ਼ੂਏਨਟ = ਪਰਿਣਾਮ
  •   कॉन्सिक्वेंट = परिणाम, फल, फल स्वरूप

The warming of the Earth and the consequent climatic changes affect us all.


Conservation

  •   ਕਨ੍ਸਰ੍ਵੇਸ਼ਨ = ਸਾਂਭ, ਸੁਰੱਖਿਆਪਣ
  •   कान्सर्वेशन = रक्षण, संरक्षण, प्राकृतिक संरक्षण, सुरक्षा

Water conservation is essential during the summer months.


Consider

  •   ਕਨ੍ਸਿਡਰ = ਵਿਚਾਰਨਾ, ਵਿਚਾਰ
  •   कन्सिडर = विचार-विमर्श करना, गौर करना, विचार करना, सोच कर देखना

Class size is an important consideration when deciding where to study IELTS.


Considerably

  •   ਕਨ੍ਸਿਡਰਬ੍ਲੀ = ਸਖਤ, ਕਾਫੀ
  •   कन्सिडरब्ली = अत्याधिक, काफी, बड़े पैमाने पर

Crime in this area has decreased considerably since the police increased their foot patrols.


Consist

  •   ਕਨ੍ਸਿਸ੍ਟ = ਸ਼ਾਮਿਲ ਹੋਣਾ, ਬਨਯਾ ਹੋਣਾ, ਬਨਾਵਟ
  •   कन्सिस्ट = मिलना, शामिल होना

The team consists of the best players from all over the country.


Conspicuous

  •   ਕਾਨ੍ਸ੍ਪਿਕਸ = ਪਰਮੁਖ, ਪ੍ਰਸਿਧ
  •   कन्स्पिक्यूअस = प्रत्यक्ष, प्रमुख, प्रसिद्ध

It was a conspicuous landmark from the sea.


Contemporary

  •   ਕਂਟੇਂਪੋਰਰੀ = ਤਤਕਾਲੀਨ, ਅਜੋਕਾ
  •   कन्टेम्परेरी = आधुनिक, समकालीन

The art gallery is showing an excellent exhibit of paintings by contemporary artists.


Continuation

  •   ਕਂਟਿਨ੍ਯੁਯੇਸ਼ਨ = ਨਿਰੰਤਰਤਾ
  •   कन्टिन्यूएशन = जारी रखना, क्रम में, निरंतरता

The continuation of the war will only result in the death of hundreds more innocent people.


Contract

  •   ਕਾਂਟ੍ਰੈਕ੍ਟ = ਠੇਕਾ, ਇਕਰਾਰਨਾਮਾ
  •   कान्ट्रैक्ट = करार करना, औपचारिक समझौता करना, अनुबन्ध, इकरारनामा

She is working in an office downtown on a two-month contract, but is hoping to find a permanent job pretty soon.


Contribute

  •   ਕਂਟ੍ਰਿਬ੍ਯੂਟ = ਯੋਗਦਾਨ ਦੇਣਾ, ਸਿਹ੍ਯੋਗ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   कन्ट्रिब्यूट = सहयोग करना, योगदान देना

He contributes a lot of time and money to helping people with AIDS.


Controversial

  •   ਕਾਂਟ੍ਰੋਵਰ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਿਯਲ = ਵਿਵਾਦਗ੍ਰਸਤ
  •   कॉंट्रोवर्षियल = बहस के संबंध में, विवाद संबंधी, विवादास्पद

George is a very controversial leader, due to his outspoken manner.


Conventional

  •   ਕਨ੍ਵੇਨ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨਲ = ਪਰੰਪਰਾਗਤ, ਰਸਮੀ
  •   कन्वेन्शनल = औपचारिक, पारम्परिक, व्यावहारिक

They exchanged the conventional greetings and then quickly got down to work.


Conversation

  •   ਕਾਨ੍ਵਰ੍ਸੇਸ਼ਨ = ਸੰਵਾਦ, ਬੋਲਚਾਲ, ਗੁਫ਼ਤਗੂ, ਗੱਲ-ਬਾਤ, ਵਾਰਤਾਲਾਪ
  •   कान्वर्सेशन = बातचीत, वार्तालाप, संवाद

She continued the conversation as if nothing had happened.


Conviction

  •   ਕਨ੍ਵਿਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਯਕੀਨ
  •   कन्विक्शन = दृढ़ निश्चय, धारणा

His conviction for murder was overturned when the most important witness changed her testimony.


Convince

  •   ਕਨ੍ਵਿਨ੍ਸ = ਸਮਝਾਉਣਾ
  •   कन्विन्स = विश्वास दिलाना, राजी करना, मनाना

There is a Greek proverb which states that not speech, but facts, convince.


Counterbalance

  •   ਕਾਉਂਟਰਬੈਲੇਨ੍ਸ = ਬ੍ਰਬਰ ਦਾ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ
  •   काउंटरबैलेन्स = प्रतिभार, तुल्य भार करना

Banana raita, which is quite sweet, will counterbalance the spiciest stew.


Crave

  •   ਕ੍ਰੇਵ = ਤਾਂਘ, ਮੰਗਣਾ
  •   क्रेव = चाहना, मांगना, अभिलाषा करना, लालसा करना

In fact, she didn't crave anything anymore.


Criteria

  •   ਕ੍ਰਾਇਟੀਰਿਯਾ = ਕਸੌਟੀ
  •   क्राइटीरिया = कसौटी, मानदंड

Motivation is one of the principal criteria for success in learning a second language.


Criticism

  •   ਕ੍ਰਿਟਿਸਿਸਮ = ਟਿੱਪਣੀ, ਅਲੋਚਨਾ, ਟੋਕ, ਨੁਕਤਾਚੀਨੀ
  •   क्रिटिसिज़म = आलोचना, समीक्षा

The student thought that the teacher's criticism was too harsh.


Criticize

  •   ਕ੍ਰਿਟਿਸਾਇਜ਼ = ਟੋਕ, ਟੋਕਣਾ
  •   क्रिटिसाइज़ = निन्दा करना, आलोचना करना, समीक्षा करना

Television reporters always criticize the government.


Crucial

  •   ਕ੍ਰੂਸ਼ਿਯਲ = ਮੁਸ਼ਕਿਲ, ਸ੍ਬ ਤੋ ਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ
  •   क्रूशियल = अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण

The final speaking test is crucial if you want to pass the course.


Dazzle

  •   ਡੈਜ਼੍ਲ = ਚਕਾਚੌਂਧ, ਚ੍ਕਿਤ ਕਰ ਦੇਣਾ
  •   डैज़ल = चकित कर देना, चौंधिया जाना

She has written in poetic styles which dazzle the mind.


Debate

  •   ਡਿਬੇਟ = ਵਿਵਾਦ, ਬਹਿਸ
  •   डिबेट = तर्क-वितर्क, बहस, वाद-विवाद

We held a debate in class about capital punishment today.


Debris

  •   ਡੇਬਰਿਸ = ਮਲਬਾ
  •   ड़ेबरिस = रोड़ा, अवशेष, कचरा, मलबा

She covered her head as dirt and debris rained over her.


Decode

  •   ਡਿਕੋਡ = ਸਮਝਾਣਾ
  •   डिकोड = व्याख्या करना, समझाना

To decode the message, all you had to do was hold it up to a mirror.


Defection

  •   ਡਿਫੇਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਉਲੰਘਣ, ਵਿਦਰੋਹ
  •   डिफेक्शन = उल्लंघन, त्याग, विद्रोह

One of the most important results of the struggle was the defection of the pope.


Defend

  •   ਡਿਫੇਂਡ = ਬਚਾਉਣਾ
  •   डिफेन्ड = समर्थन देना, बचाव करना

The father was seriously injured trying to defend his son from a vicious dog.


Definitive

  •   ਡੇਫਿਨਿਟਿਵ = ਅਧਿਕਾਰਿਕ, ਨਿਸਚਿਤ
  •   डिफिनिटिव = स्थायी, स्थिर, निश्चित

We haven't received a definitive answer yet as to whether John has been accepted into art school.


Deflect

  •   ਡਿਫ੍ਲੇਕ੍ਟ = ਮੋਡ਼ਨਾ, ਹਟਾਨਾ, ਟੇਡੀ ਰਾਹ੍ਹ ਜਾਣਾ
  •   डिफ्लेक्ट = टेढ़ी राह जाना, झुकाना

These are things fast-food firms have learnt to cope with and to deflect.


Deliberately

  •   ਡੇਲਿਬਰੇਟ੍ਲੀ = ਸੋਚ ਵਿਚਾਰ ਕੇ, ਜਾਣ ਬੂਝ ਕੇ
  •   डेलिबरेट्ली = जान-बूझकर, सोच-समझकर, विचारपूर्वक

He said it was an accident, but I think he did it deliberately.


Delight

  •   ਡਿਲਾਇਟ = ਸੁੱਖ, ਮੌਜ , ਅਨੰਦ
  •   डिलाइट = आनन्द, चमक उठना, प्रसन्नता, आनंद

The baby squealed in delight when she saw the kitten.


Demonstrate

  •   ਡੇਮੋਨ੍ਸ੍ਟ੍ਰੇਟ = ਵਿਖਾਉਣਾ, ਵਰਨਨ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   डेमन्स्ट्रेट = दर्शाना, प्रदर्शित, वर्णन करना

Do you want me to demonstrate how the software works for you?


Demonstration

  •   ਡੇਮਾਨ੍ਸ੍ਟ੍ਰੇਸ਼ਨ = ਪ੍ਰਦਰਸ਼ਨ , ਮੁਜ਼ਾਹਰਾ
  •   डेमन्स्ट्रेशन = अभिव्यक्ति, दिखाना, प्रदर्शन

The parade was an obvious demonstration of the government's military strength.


Den

  •   ਡੈਨ = ਗੁਫਾ
  •   डेन = निजी कमरा, छिपने का स्थान, गुफा

The bear spent the winter in a warm den.


Dependent

  •   ਡਿਪੇਂਡੇਂਟ = ਨਿਰਭਰ, ਮੁਥਾਜ
  •   डिपेंडेंट = मोहताज, अधीन, निर्भर, आश्रित

My child is no longer a dependent on my tax return.


Descent

  •   ਡਿਸੇਂਟ = ਖਾਨਦਾਨੀ, ਕੁਲ, ਵੰਸ਼
  •   डिसेन्ट = कुल, वंशज, वंश परंपरा

Hiro's family is of French, Japanese and Ugandan descent.

Depending on the culture, family descent can be traced through the male and / or female lines.


Description

  •   ਡਿਸ੍ਕ੍ਰਿਪ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਵਰਣਨ, ਵੇਰਵਾ, ਵਿਆਖਿਆ, ਉੱਲੇਖ
  •   डिस्क्रिप्शन = वर्णन, विवरण, उल्लेख

His description of the events at the party was hilarious.

Police have issued a description of the man believed to have committed a series of violent crimes in the city.


Desperate

  •   ਡੇਸ੍ਪਰੇਟ = ਲਾਚਾਰ
  •   डेस्परेट = खतरनाक, बेडर

Hunger made them desperate.

She hates her job, and is desperate to find something else.


Devastate

  •   ਡਿਵਾਸ੍ਟੇਟ = ਉਜਾੜਨਾ
  •   डिवास्टेट = स्तब्ध रह जाना

Acid rain has a devastating effect on the environment.

There was a devastating earthquake in Kobe, Japan a few years ago.

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center devastated the financial district of New York.


Device

  •   ਡਿਵਾਇਸ = ਉਪਕਰਨ, ਯੰਤਰ
  •   डिवाइस = यंत्र, उपकरण

A VCR is a device used to play videos.

Modern science has produced devices that will locate a human body buried under the snow.

In 1876, a spokesman for Western Union suggested that the telephone was a device of no value.


Disapprove

  •   ਡਿਸਪ੍ਰੂਵ = ਨਾਪਸੰਦ
  •   डिसप्रूव = नापसंद करना, ठुकराना, अस्वीकार करना

As my family again totally disapproved, we left Ireland, and came to live in the UK.

Surely he must have known his father would disapprove of her.

He knew his brother would disapprove but also knew Andre would view it better.


Dispersal

  •   ਡਿਸਪਰ੍ਸਲ = ਵਿਸਰਜਨ
  •   डिस्पर्सल = फैलाव, विसर्जन

Their dispersal, therefore, must have been extremely slow and gradual.

The destruction of Jerusalem was followed by the dispersal of the Jews.


Disrupt

  •   ਡਿਸ੍ਰਪ੍ਟ = ਟੋਕਣਾ, ਭੰਗ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   डिस्रप्ट = भंग करना, अस्त-व्यस्त करना, तितर-बितर करना

Sandstorms in Egypt sometime disrupt flights at the international airport in Cairo.

The human memory can be greatly disrupted in various ways by certain brain injuries.

Bus service was disrupted by a one-day strike by the drivers.


Distant

  •   ਡਿਸ੍ਟੇਂਟ = ਫਾਸਲੇ, ਦੂਰੀ
  •   डिस्टेंट = फ़ासले पर, दूर-दराज़

He travelled in distant lands for many years.

Last year's accident is now, thankfully, a distant memory.


Distinguish

  •   ਡਿਸ੍ਟਿਂਗ੍ਵਿਸ਼ = ਪਛਾਣਨਾ, ਪਛਾਣ
  •   डिस्टिंगग्विश = फर्क बताना, अंतर करना, भेद निकालना

Children under the age of 4 cannot always distinguish between the truth and a lie.

Creativity and deviance can sometimes be difficult to distinguish.

The human eye can distinguish about 17,000 colors.


Distort

  •   ਡਿਸਟਾਰ੍ਟ = ਤੋੜ-ਮਰੋੜ
  •   डिस्टॉर्ट = गलत बयानी करना, ऐंठना, बिगाड़ना

She always distorts everything I say in order to make me look bad

The sound coming from the stereo is really distorted because the speakers are in rough shape.


Distribute

  •   ਡਿਸਟ੍ਰਿਬ੍ਯੂਟ = ਵੰਡ , ਬਟਵਾਰਾ, ਵਿਤਰਨ
  •   डिस्ट्रिब्यूट = विभाजित करना, बांटना, वितरण करना

Every Christmas, she works hard to distribute food and blankets to the homeless.

Could you please distribute the test booklets while I hand out these pencils?


Diversity

  •   ਡਾਇਵਰ੍ਸਿਟੀ = ਭਿੰਨਤਾ
  •   डाइवर्सिटी = उलट-पलट, परिवर्तन, विभिन्नता

John Kennedy once said that poetry reminds us of the richness and diversity of existence.

We are trying to create diversity in the workplace.

Our oceans are home to a rich diversity of species.


Downside

  •   ਡਾਉਨਸਾਇਡ = ਨਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਪਹਿਲੂ
  •   डाउन्साइड = नकारात्मक पहलू

The downside of the success was unwanted publicity.

The biggest downside to these phones is the lack of displays.


Drawn

  •   ਡ੍ਰਾਨ = ਘਸੀਟਨਾ, ਖਿਚਾਵ
  •   ड्रॉन = खिंचा हुआ, मुर्झाया सा

His face was drawn and pale, his eyes wild.

His attention was immediately drawn to the car outside the window.

Her features were drawn in the moonlight, and there were circles under her eyes.


Drift

  •   ਡ੍ਰਿਫ੍ਟ = ਰੁਖ਼, ਝੁਕਾਵ
  •   ड्रिफ्ट = मोड़ लेना, झुकाव

The little boy let go of his balloon, and watched it drift up into the sky.

Jellyfish generally just drift along in the water, and don't swim much.

The smell of the many spices grown on the island of Grenada drifts through the marketplace.


Drought

  •   ਡ੍ਰਾਉਟ = ਸੂਖਾ, ਸੁਕਾ, ਅਕਾਲ
  •   ड्राउट = अकाल, सूखा

The drought dried up all the farms, so there was very little food.

Gardens in this area are in bad shape due to the drought.

Drought and famine in the region have cost thousands of lives.


Drowsiness

  •   ਡ੍ਰੋਜ਼ੀਨੇਸ = ਘੂਕੀ, ਝ੍ਪ੍ਕੀ, ਸੁਸਤੀ
  •   ड्रोज़ीनेस = सुस्ती, झपकी, उनींदापन

Drowsiness was beginning to take hold of her.

Intense drowsiness yields to sleep and coma which ends in death from failure of the respiration.


Dwelling

  •   ਡ੍ਵੇਲ੍ਲਿਂਗ = ਮਕਾਨ, ਜਗ੍ਹਾ, ਰਿਹਾਇਸ਼, ਟਿਕਾਣਾ , ਡੇਰਾ, ਭਵਨ
  •   ड्वेलिंग = आशियाना, निवासस्थान, आवास, निवास-स्थान

The tiny main room of the small dwelling was lit by one window.

Almost every dwelling on the narrow, crowded road was in pieces.

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