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Top IELTS Vocabulary

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Top IELTS Vocabulary

Top IELTS vocabulary you need to maximize your score

Illuminate

  •   ਇਲ੍ਲ੍ਯੂਮਿਨੇਟ = ਰੋਸ਼ਨ ਕਰਨਾ, ਪਰਕਾਸ਼ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   इल्ल्यूमिनेट = प्रकाश करना, उजाला करना, ज्योतिमय करना, रोशन करना

In the evening, small, low-voltage track lights illuminate the room with a rich caramel glow.

The staircase is in complete darkness and night-light candles were used to illuminate the scene.


Illustrate

  •   ਇਲਸ੍ਟ੍ਰੇਟ = ਸ੍ਪਸ਼ੱਟ ਕਰਨਾ, ਸ੍ਮ੍ਝੌਣਾ, ਉਦਹਾਰਨ ਦੇਣਾ
  •   इलस्ट्रेट = सचित्र व्याख्या करना, समझाना, स्पष्ट करना

A proper essay illustrates its ideas clearly and effectively.

Find someone who has helped to illustrate a school newspaper.


Immunity

  •   ਇਮ੍ਯੂਨਿਟੀ = ਛੁਟ੍ਕਾਰਾ, ਸੁੰਤਤਰਤਾ, ਬਚਾਵ, ਮੁਕਤੀ
  •   इम्यूनिटी = छुटकारा, बचाव, मुक्ति

The killer has been offered immunity in return for testifying against the Mafia leader.

Animals living in the wild normally develop a natural immunity to diseases that kill those in zoos.


Impact

  •   ਇਂਪੈਕ੍ਟ = ਟੱਕਰ, ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ, ਗਹਿਰਾ ਅਸਰ ਪੌਣਾ
  •   इम्पैक्ट = प्रभाव, गहरा असर डालना

The sudden death of the CEO had a serious impact on the company.


Impair

  •   ਇਮਪੇਰ = ਨੁਕਸਾਨ ਪਹੁੰਚਾਨਾ, ਖਰਾਬ ਕਰਨਾ, ਨ੍ਸ਼ਟ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   इम्पेर = ख़राब करना, भंग करना, हानि पहुंचाना, बिगाड़ देना

Low levels can impair physical and mental development.

Foot problems can also impair balance and function in this age group.

Alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine impair decision-making skills.


Implement

  •   ਇਂਪ੍ਲਿਮੇਂਟ = ਲਾਗੂ ਕਰਨਾ, ਅਮਲ ਵਿਚ ਲਿਉਣਾ
  •   इंप्लिमेंट = अनुबंध करना, अमल में लाना

My father's hearing was impaired by the noise of working on naval ships all his life.


Implicit

  •   ਇਂਪ੍ਲਿਸਿਟ = ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ ਯੋਗਾ, ਐਤਬਾਰੀ
  •   इम्प्लिसिट = विश्वास योग्य, एतबारी

Mutual respect should be considered an implicit part of any discussions between the Government and the Opposition.


Inaccessibility

  •   ਇਨੇਕ੍ਸੇਸਿਬਿਲ੍ਟੀ = ਦੁਰਲਭ, ਪਹੁੰਚ ਤੋ ਬਾਹਰ
  •   इनक्सेसबिलटी = अप्राप्यता, अनुपलब्धता

The flood overwhelmed the site's servers, making it inaccessible to the public.


Inactivity

  •   ਇਨੈਕ੍ਟਿਵਿਟੀ = ਆਲਸੀ, ਬੇਕਾਰੀ, ਸੁਸਤੀ
  •   इनैक्टिविटी = आलस्य, बेकारी, सुस्ती, कर्महीनता

He is out of shape simply due to inactivity and poor eating habits.


Incentive

  •   ਇਨ੍ਸੇਂਟਿਵ = ਉਤਸ਼ਾਹ, ਲਾਲਚ, ਭਾੜਾ
  •   इन्सेन्टिव = प्रलोभन, प्रेरणादायक, प्रोत्साहन

Large commissions are a powerful incentive for sales staff working in this store.


Inconsistent

  •   ਇਨਕਨ੍ਸਿਸ੍ਟੇਂਟ = ਬੇਜੋੜ, ਅਸੰਗਤ
  •   इन्कन्सिस्टन्ट = अयोग्य, नामुनासिब, अनुचित, अस्थिर

Paul is an inconsistent performer; one day he's great, and the next he's terrible.


Incorporate

  •   ਇਨਕਾਰ੍ਪੋਰੇਟ = ਸ਼ਾਮਿਲ, ਮਿਲਯਾ ਹੋਇਆ, ਮਿਸ਼ਰਿਤ
  •   इन्कॉर्परेट = मिलाना, मिश्रित, सम्मिलित करना, शामिल करना

Our new marketing strategy will incorporate both Internet and e-mail advertising.


Inertia

  •   ਇਨਰ੍ਟ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਿਯਾ = ਜਡਤਾ, ਨਿਸ਼ਕ੍ਰਿਯਤਾ
  •   इन्नरशिया = जड़ता, निष्क्रियता

The reason is simple: financial and productivity benefits do not outweigh organizational inertia.


Infant

  •   ਇਨ੍ਫੇਂਟ = ਬਾਲ, ਬੱਚਾ, ਬਾਲਕ
  •   इन्फेंट = नवजात, नाबालिग, बच्चा

It's hard to adopt an infant, and even if you do, the mother has the right to change her mind for six months.


Inflate

  •   ਇਨ੍ਫਲੇਟ = ਫੁਲਾ, ਫੁਲਾਉਣਾ
  •   इन्फ्लेट = फुलाना, हवा भरना, बढ़ाना चढ़ाना

Inflate a balloon with the gas.


Influence

  •   ਇਨ੍ਫ੍ਲੁਯੇਨ੍ਸ = ਭਾਵ, ਅਸਰ, ਜੋਰ, ਦਬਦਬਾ, ਦਬਾਉ
  •   इन्फ्लूअन्स = प्रभाव, रोब, बोलबाला, दबाव

Movie stars and sports celebrities have always had a lot of influence on what young people wear.


Infuriate

  •   ਇਨ੍ਫ੍ਯੂਰੀਯੇਟ = ਕ੍ਰੋਧਵਾਨ, ਭੜਕਾਉਣਾ
  •   इन्फ्युरीऐट = क्रोधित करना, क्रोध से भरना

You'd better not tell your brother you broke his new CD player just yet; it would only infuriate him.


Inhabit

  •   ਇਨਹੈਬਿਟ = ਵੱਸ, ਵੱਸਣਾ
  •   इन्हैबिट = बसना, निवास करना, वास करना

She was expecting some sort of alien monster to inhabit the brutal planet.


Initiate

  •   ਇਨਿਸ਼ਿਯਿਯੇਟ = ਪਹਲ ਕਰਨਾ, ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   इनिशीऐट = पहल करना, शुरू करना, आरंभ करना

Western women are not encouraged to initiate a handshake with men in India, as it is not customary.


Innovation

  •   ਇਨੋਵੇਸ਼ਨ = ਆਵਿਸ਼ਕਾਰ
  •   इनोवेशन = नई बात, नवीन प्रक्रिया, नवरचना

Recent innovations in video technology, such as DVDs, have resulted in a much higher quality of picture on the home television screen.


Insect

  •   ਇਨ੍ਸੇਕ੍ਟ = ਕੀੜਾ, ਖਟਮ੍ਲ
  •   इन्सेक्ट = कीट, कीड़ा, कीड़ामकोड़ा, खटमल

Cold weather and insects destroyed their crops.


Insidious

  •   ਇਨ੍ਸਿਡੀਯਸ = ਧੋਖੇਬਾਜ਼, ਚਲਾਕ
  •   इन्सिडीयस = कपटी, घातक, धूर्त, धोखेबाज, छली

He experienced the insidious influence of the corporate culture.


Insight

  •   ਇਨਸਾਇਟ = ਗਿਆਨ, ਵਿਵੇਕ, ਸੂਝ
  •   इन्साइट = पूरी पहचान, निरीक्षण, परख

The book is full of profound insights on the reasons for the continued suffering of mankind.


Inspection

  •   ਇਨਸ੍ਪੇਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਜਾਂਚ, ਪਰਖ, ਸਰਵੇ, ਨਿਰੀਖਣ
  •   इन्स्पेक्शन = निगहबानी, मुआइना, जांच

No evidence was found at first, but upon closer inspection, the detective was able to find a drop of blood on the floor near the door.


Inspire

  •   ਇਨਸ੍ਪਾਇਰ = ਪ੍ਰੇਰਨਾ, ਹੌਸਲਾ-ਅਫ਼ਜ਼ਾਈ
  •   इन्स्पाइअर = प्रेरित करना, प्रेरणा देना

I'm sure this recipe book will inspire you to try some delicious new dishes for suppers and desserts.


Instinct

  •   ਇਨ੍ਸ੍ਟਿਂਕ੍ਟ = ਸੂਝ ਬੂਝ, ਸੁਬੁਧਿ, ਸਹਿਜ ਗਿਆਨ
  •   इंस्टिंक्ट = सहज, सुझ भुज, सुबुद्धि

Many animals seem to have an instinct that tells them when an earthquake is going to occur.


Insufficient

  •   ਇਨ੍ਸਫੀਸ਼ਿਯੇਂਟ = ਥੋੜ੍ਹਾ, ਨਾਕਾਫ਼ੀ
  •   इन्सफिशन्ट = अक्षम, अपर्याप्त, कम, नाकाफी

We have insufficient information to make a decision at this point.


Integrated

  •   ਇਂਟੇਗ੍ਰੇਟੇਡ = ਸ਼ਾਮਿਲ, ਸਮਪੂਰਨ, ਪੂਰਾ
  •   इन्टग्रेटिड = संपूर्ण, एकीकृत, पूरा

The singer integrated a number of folk songs from different countries into his performance.


Intellectual

  •   ਇਂਟੇਲੇਕ੍ਚੁਯਲ = ਵਿਦਵਾਨ, ਅਕਲੀ, ਬੁੱਧੀਜੀਵੀ, ਬੌਧਿਕ
  •   इन्टलेक्चूअल = बुद्धिजीवी, दिमागी

Gaurav enjoys intellectual hobbies such as playing chess, and solving difficult puzzles.


Intense

  •   ਇਨਟੇਨ੍ਸ = ਡੂੰਘਾ, ਗੂੜ੍ਹਾ, ਤਿੱਖਾ
  •   इन्टेन्स = अति कठोर, अत्यधिक, अत्यन्त, अधिक

Firefighters had difficulty approaching the burning building due to the intense heat.


Interact

  •   ਇਂਟਰੈਕ੍ਟ = ਗਲਬਾਤ ਕਰਨਾ, ਬਾਤਚੀਤ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   इन्टरैक्ट = बातचीत करना

The child was extremely shy, and found it difficult to interact with the other children in her class.


Interaction

  •   ਇਂਟਰੈਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਬਾਤਚੀਤ
  •   इन्टरैक्शन = अंतःक्रिया, पारस्परिक प्रभाव

The young teenager's interactions with his parents were often confrontational.


Interconnection

  •   ਇਂਟਰਕਨੇਕ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਜੋਡ਼ਨਾ, ਇਕ ਦੂਜੇ ਨਾਲ ਸਂਬੰਧ
  •   इन्टर्कनेक्शन = अंतःसंबधन

Historically, these two forms of inquiry have been deeply interconnected.

It is not that these processes are not also intimately interconnected with warfare.


Intermittent

  •   ਇਂਟਰਮਿਟਏਂਟ = ਰੁਕ ਰੁਕ ਕੇ, ਵਿਚ ਵਿਚ ਹੋਣ ਵਾਲਾ
  •   इन्टर्मिटन्ट = अनिरंतर, पारी पारी आने वाला, अन्तरे का

Give yourself intermittent deadlines and take them seriously.


Internal

  •   ਇਂਟਰ੍ਨਲ = ਵਿਚਲੇ, ਆਂਤਰਿਕ, ਅੰਦਰਲਾ, ਵਿਚਲਾ, ਵਿਚਲੀਆਂ, ਗਭਲਾ
  •   इन्टर्नल = भीतरी, अंदरूनी, आंतरिक

The police are taking action to strengthen internal security after the attempted attack on the President.


Interpret

  •   ਇੰਤੇਰਪ੍ਰੇਟ = ਵਰਨਾਂ ਕਰਨਾ, ਅਰਥ ਲਗਾਨਾ, ਅਨੁਵਾਦ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   इंटर्प्रिट = व्याख्या करना, वर्णन करना, अनुवाद करना, अर्थ करना

The old woman couldn't speak English, so her grandchildren had to interpret for her.


Intricate

  •   ਇਂਟ੍ਰਿਕੇਟ = ਮੁਸ਼ਕਲ, ਵਿਕਟ,ਔਖਾ, ਜਟਿਲ
  •   इंट्रिकेट = कठिन, गहन, जटिल, पेचीदा, उलझा हुआ

The more intricate the design of your tattoo, the more expensive it is going to be.


Intrinsic

  •   ਇਂਟ੍ਰਿਨ੍ਸਿਕ = ਅੰਦਰਲੀ, ਅੰਦਰਲਾ, ਅੰਦਰਲੇ
  •   इन्ट्रिन्सिक = आंतरिक, निजी, स्वाभाविक, वास्तविक, मूलभूत

His intrinsic drive to succeed has helped him more than his actual abilities.


Inventory

  •   ਇਨ੍ਵੇਂਟਰੀ = ਸੂਚੀ, ਸਟਾਕ, ਵਸਤੂ ਸੂਚੀ
  •   इन्वेंटरी = सामान, सूची, स्टॉक, वस्तु सूची

I best make an inventory of this stuff before I turn it over to the ladies.


Investigate

  •   ਇਨ੍ਵੇਸ੍ਟਿਗੇਟ = ਪਤਾ ਲਗਾਨਾ, ਜਾਂਚ੍ਣਾ, ਛਾਣਬੀਣ
  •   इन्वेस्टिगेट = खोजना, जांचना, तहकीकात करना, छान बीन करना

The old man heard a noise from the basement, so he went to investigate.


Iridescence

  •   ਇਰਿਡੇਸੇਨ੍ਸ = ਚਮਕਦਾਰ, ਰੰਗ ਬਿਰੰਗਾ
  •   इरिडेसन्स = चमक

Her shimmery dress was iridescent and caught the light every time she moved.


Irregular

  •   ਇਰ੍ਰੇਗ੍ਯੁਲਰ = ਬੇਦਸਤੂਰਾ, ਅਨਿਯਮਿਤ
  •   इर्रेग्युलर = असाधारण, अव्यवस्थित, अनियमित

My schedule is unpredictable and the hours are irregular, but I really enjoy my new job.


Isolate

  •   ਆਇਸੋਲੇਟ = ਅਲਗ, ਸਾਫ ਕਰਨਾ, ਅਲਗ ਰਖਣਾ
  •   आइसोलेट = समाधान करना, अलग कर देना

It is important to isolate patients with infectious diseases so that others will not become sick.


Juveniles

  •   ਜੂਵਨਾਇਲ = ਕਿਸ਼ੋਰ, ਬਾਲ, ਨਾਬਾਲਿਗ
  •   जूवनाइल = बाल, नाबालिग व्यक्ति, किशोर

The ratio of juveniles in our population is decreasing as our population ages, and people have fewer children.


Juxtapose

  •   ਜਕ੍ਸ੍ਟਪੋਜ਼ = ਤੁਲਨਾ ਕਰਨਾ, ਮੁਕਾਬਲਾ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   जक्स्टपोज़ = तुलना करना, मुक़ाबला करना

The film was juxtaposed with horrific scenes of drunken driving accidents from real police footage.


Kinetics

  •   ਕਿਨੇਟਿਕ੍ਸ = ਗਤੀ
  •   किनेटिक्स = बलगति विज्ञान

Yet their music was elegant as well as kinetic.


Laborious

  •   ਲਬੌਰੀਅਸ = ਮਿਹਨਤੀ, ਔਖਾ, ਦੁਹੇਲਾ
  •   लबोरीअस = परिश्रमी, मेहनती, श्रमिक

The laborious process of tallying votes by hand used to provide plenty of room for fraud.


Lament

  •   ਲੇਮੇਂਟ = ਪੁਕਾਰ, ਦੁਹਾਈ, ਵਿਰਲਾਪ
  •   लेमेंट = फ़रियाद, विलाप, शोक

The least you could do is lament for hurting my mother's feelings!


Last Ditch

  •   ਲਾਸ੍ਟ ਡਿਚ = ਕਬਰ, ਸਮਾਧੀ
  •   लास्ट डिच = कब्र, समाधि

The UN is trying to secure talks between the two sides in a last-ditch effort to avert war.


Legitimate

  •   ਲੇਜਿਟਿਮੇਟ = ਕਨੂੰਨੀ, ਜਾਇਜ਼
  •   लेजिटिमेट = वैध, सच्चा, कानूनी, उचित

You must have a legitimate excuse for being absent from class or you will lose marks.


Lethargic

  •   ਲਥਾਰ੍ਜਿਕ = ਨਕਾਰੇ, ਜਿੱਲ੍ਹਾ, ਆਲਸੀ
  •   लथार्जिक = शक्तिहीन, सुस्त, आलसी

After the surgery, I experienced a lot of lethargy but no pain.


Lineage

  •   ਲਿਨੀਇਜ = ਘਰ, ਕੁਲ, ਪੀੜ੍ਹੀ, ਖਾਨਦਾਨ
  •   लिनीइज = वंश, वंशावली

I traced my family lineage and discovered I had royal blood.


Lingering

  •   ਲੀੰਗੇਰਿੰਗ = ਅਟਕ, ਠਹਿਰ
  •   लिंगग्रिंग = विलंब करने वाला

Any lingering doubts we may have had regarding her ability to do the job have been erased by her excellent work on our current project.


Loyalty

  •   ਲਾਯਲ੍ਟੀ = ਨਿਸ਼ਠਾ, ਵਫ਼ਾਦਾਰੀ
  •   लायल्टी = सच्चाई, ईमानदारी, निष्ठा, वफादारी, विश्वसनीयता

In the past, many Nigerians were said to hold more loyalty for their ethnic group or place of birth than for their new nation.


Lurch

  •   ਲਰ੍ਚ = ਉੱਲਰ, ਲੜਖੜਾਉ
  •   लर्च = झटका, झोंका, झटका खाना

The fly jolted and threatened to lurch.


Maneuver

  •   ਮਨ੍ਯੂਵਰ = ਦਾਅ, ਚਾਲਬਾਜ਼ੀ
  •   मन्यूवर = पैंतरेबाज़ी, दाँव, चालबाज़ी करना

The player used an interesting maneuver to trick his opponent.


Manipulate

  •   ਮਨਿਪੁਲੇਟ = ਚਲਾਕੀ ਨਾਲ ਕਮ ਕਰਵਾਨਾ, ਹੇਰਫੇਰ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   मनिपुलेट = चालाकी से काम निकालना, हेरफेर करना

Brady waited impatiently as his friend manipulated the data.


Mass Produce

  •   ਮਾਸ ਪ੍ਰੋਡ੍ਯੂਸ = ਵੱਡੇ ਪੈਮਾਨੇ ਦਾ ਉਤਪਾਦਨ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   मास प्रोड्यूस = बड़े पैमाने का उत्पादन करना

Ideal Toy Company was the first company to mass produce teddy bears.


Meditation

  •   ਮੇਡਿਟੇਸ਼ਨ = ਧਿਆਨ, ਤਪ, ਮਗਨਤਾ
  •   मेडिटेशन = ध्यान, समाधि, चिंतन

The Buddha showed us that meditation is the key to enlightenment.


Milieu

  •   ਮਿਲੀਯੂ = ਵਾਤਾਵਰਨ, ਪਰਯਾਵਰਨ
  •   मिल्यु = हालत, स्थिति, पर्यावरण, वातावरण्

In order to reach the goal the learning milieu of the pre-school teaching is placed in focus.


Mimic

  •   ਮਿਮਿਕ = ਨਕਲਚੀ, ਬੇਹਰੂਪਿਯਾ, ਨਕਲ
  •   मिमिक = बहुरूपिया, नकलची, भेष बदलनेवाला

Their parrot can mimic their mother's voice perfectly.


Mindset

  •   ਮਾਇਂਡਸੇਟ = ਮਾਨਸਿਕਤਾ
  •   माइन्ड्सेट = पुर्वग्रह, मानसिकता

If you achieve the same mind-set with your History learning, you will be an effective student.


Misconception

  •   ਮਿਸ੍ਕਨ੍ਸੇਪ੍ਸ਼ਨ = ਗਲਤਫਹਿਮੀ, ਭਰਮ, ਭੁਲੇਖਾ, ਭੁੱਲ
  •   मिस्कन्सेप्शन = वहम, ग़लतफ़हमी, गलत धारणा, भ्रम

The best way for someone to overcome a misconception is to have an experience that shows it is wrong.


Misinterpret

  •   ਮਿਸਿਂਟਰਪ੍ਰਿਟ = ਗਲਤ ਮਤਲਬ ਲਗਾਨਾ
  •   मिसिन्टर्प्रिट = अशुद्ध अर्थ करना, गलत अर्थ लगाना

It's not his fault it was completely misinterpreted.


Mismatch

  •   ਮਿਸਮੈਚ = ਬੇਜੋੜ, ਗਲਤ ਮੇਲ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   मिस्मैच = बेमेल, गलत मेल करना

Her shoes mismatch her skirt.


Mortality

  •   ਮੌਰ੍ਟੈਲਿਟੀ = ਨਾਸ਼, ਮੌਤ
  •   मॉर्टैलिटी = नाश, मरण, मृत्यु

I became more aware of my own mortality after I was diagnosed with cancer.


Mourn

  •   ਮੋਰ੍ਨ = ਸ਼ੋਕ ਕਰਨਾ, ਅਫਸੋਸ ਪ੍ਰਕਟ ਕਰਨਾ
  •   मोर्न = अफसोस प्रकट करना, शोक करना

Gwen still mourns the death of her brother.


Much Needed

  •   ਮਚ ਨੀਡੇਡ = ਅਤਿ ਆਵੱਸ਼ਯਕ, ਬਹੁਤ ਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ
  •   मच नीडेड = अति आवश्यक, ज्यादा जरूरत

The building plans include much needed new office accommodation.


Mystery

  •   ਮਿਸ੍ਟਰੀ = ਭੇਤ, ਰਹੱਸ
  •   मिस्टरी = रहस्यमय, भेद, पहेली, राज़

Tibet is an ancient country that has been a source of mystery and wonder for hundreds of years.


Naive

  •   ਨਾਈਵ = ਨਾਦਾਨ, ਬਾਲਾ-ਭੋਲਾ, ਭੋਲਾ
  •   नाईव = सीधा-सादा, निष्कपट, भोला-भाला, सरल

He thought it was better to be naive and too trusting of people than to always be suspicious.


Nap

  •   ਨੈਪ = ਝਪਕੀ, ਉਂਘਲਾਉ
  •   नैप = झपकी, ऊंघ

I would like to go back to the hotel and nap for a bit.


Niche

  •   ਨਿਚ = ਸਥਾਨ
  •   निच = आवास, ताक, पनाह, शरण

Money and success will start rolling in naturally after you find your professional niche and enjoy what you are doing.


Nomad

  •   ਨੋਮੈਡ = ਬੰਜਾਰੇ
  •   नोमैड = खानाबदोश, बंजारे, घुमक्कड़

In the nomad tradition, the saddle cover was part of the dowry, woven by the bride.


Notion

  •   ਨੋਸ਼ਨ = ਵਿਚਾਰ, ਖਿਆਲ, ਆਭਾਸ, ਸੰਕਲਪ
  •   नोशन = राय, विचार, इरादा, ख़याल

Previous notions regarding the nature of intelligence have changed considerably over the years.


Notorious

  •   ਨੋਟੌਰੀਅਸ = ਉੱਘੇ , ਉੱਘਾ
  •   नोटोरीअस = कुख्यात, विख्यात, लोक प्रसिद्ध

The university has a notorious reputation for its wild student parties.


Novelty

  •   ਨਾਵੇਲ੍ਟੀ - ਅਨੋਖ, ਨਵੀਂਨਤਾ
  •   नावल्टी = उपहार, नवीनता, नई बात, ताज़गी

I thought next I could introduce some novelty into the performance.


Objective

  •   ਆਬ੍ਜੇਕ੍ਟਿਵ = ਉਦੇਸ਼, ਲਕਸ਼, ਮਨੋਰਥ, ਮੁੱਦਾ
  •   अब्जेक्टिव = लक्ष्य, उद्देश्य

Our first objective has to be to make our product known to the public.


Observe

  •   ਅਬ੍ਜ਼ਰ੍ਵ = ਦੇਖਣਾ, ਤਾੜਨਾ
  •   अब्ज़र्व = देखना, ध्यान देना, अनुसरण करना

I would like to observe a few classes in order to determine if this is the right program for me.


Observer

  •   ਅਬ੍ਜ਼ਰ੍ਵਰ = ਨਿਰੀਖਕ, ਦਰਸ਼ਕ
  •   अब्ज़र्वर = देखनेवाला, समीक्षक

A number of international observers to the election remarked on the fairness of the process.


Obsession

  •   ਅਬ੍ਸੇਸ਼ਨ = ਜੁਨੂਨ, ਸਨਕ
  •   अब्सेशन = धुन, सनक, जुनून

My son's hobby of collecting Pokemon cards has become an obsession that regularly costs him his entire weekly allowance.


Obvious

  •   ਆਬ੍ਵੀਅਸ = ਜ਼ਾਹਰ, ਸਪਸ਼ਟ, ਸਾਫ਼
  •   आब्वीअस = साफ, स्पष्ट, ज़ाहिर

The obvious thing to do if you're feeling sick is to go to bed.


Optimist

  •   ਆਪ੍ਟਮਿਸ੍ਟ = ਆਸ਼ਾਵਾਦੀ
  •   आप्टमिस्ट = आशावादी, अच्छा पक्ष देखने वाला

Sue is such an optimist that she makes everyone around her feel positive.


Outbreak

  •   ਆਉਟ੍ਬ੍ਰੇਕ = ਭਾਂਬੜ, ਭੜਕ
  •   आउट्ब्रेक = हंगामा, प्रकोप, शांति भंग

An outbreak of food poisoning has resulted in the temporary closure of a popular local restaurant.


Outcome

  •   ਆਉਟ੍ਕਮ = ਪਰਿਣਾਮ, ਨਤੀਜਾ, ਸਾਰ, ਅੰਜਾਮ
  •   आउट्कम = नतीजा, परिणाम

We are quite pleased with the outcome of the negotiations.


Overcome

  •   ਓਵਰ੍ਕਮ = ਪਰਾਜਿਤ, ਹਰਾਨਾ
  •   ओवर्कम = अभिभूत, जीतना, पराजित करना, पर विजय पाना

Many of the victims of the fire had been overcome by the smoke, and had to be carried out by the firefighters.


Paradigm

  •   ਪੇਰਡਾਇਮ = ਉਦਾਹਰਨ
  •   पेरडाइम = प्रकार, उदाहरण, निदर्शन

Microsoft has become the paradigm of the computer companies of the future.


Paradox

  •   ਪੇਰਡਾਕ੍ਸ = ਵਿਰੋਧਾਭਾਸ
  •   पेराडाक्स = विरोधाभास, वह बात जो कि वास्तव में सच हो परन्तु देखने में साफ झूठी जान पड़ती हो

In a strange paradox, the medicine made Heather sick before it made her better


Pattern

  •   ਪੈਟਰ੍ਨ = ਨਮੂਨਾ, ਤਰੀਕਾ
  •   पैटर्न = स्वरूप, तरीक़ा, नमूना, ढांचा

There is a lovely pattern of flowers around the border of the plates and bowls.


Perceive

  •   ਪਰ੍ਸੀਵ = ਸਮਝ, ਪਛਾਣਨਾ, ਦੇਖਣਾ
  •   पर्सीव = जानना, देखना, बूझना, समझना

He didn't speak much English, but he was able to perceive what I was trying to say.


Performance

  •   ਪਰ੍ਫੌਰ੍ਮੇਨ੍ਸ = ਕਿਰਿਆ, ਕਾਰਗੁਜ਼ਾਰੀ, ਕ੍ਰਿਤੀ
  •   पर्फॉर्मेन्स = करतूत, प्रदर्शन, अभिनय, व्यवहार, उपलब्धि

His brilliant performance in this latest film is guaranteed to win him an Oscar.


Philosophical

  •   ਫਿਲਸਾਫਿਕਲ = ਦਾਰਸ਼ਨਿਕ
  •   फिलसाफिकल = दार्शनिक, बुद्धिमान, स्थिरबुद्धि

The old man was rather philosophical about his firing after over 35 years on the job, saying that the company would benefit from new, fresh ideas.


Physiological

  •   ਫਿਜ਼ੀਅਲਾਜਿਕਲ = ਸ਼ਰੀਰਕ
  •   फिज़ीअलाजिकल = शारीरिक, शारीरिक

It is actually very difficult to use essential oils for purely physiological treatment.


Pigment

  •   ਪਿਗਮੇਂਟ = ਰੰਗ, ਰੋਗਨ
  •   पिगमेंट = रंग, रोगन, रंग पाना

The artist used yellow pigment to make the paint yellow.


Pioneer

  •   ਪਾਇਅਨੀਰ = ਆਗੂ, ਮਾਰ੍ਗ ਦਰਸ਼ਕ
  •   पाइअनीर = प्रथम बसने वाला, अगुआ, मार्ग दर्शक

A lot of pioneers from Eastern Europe came to America to take up farming on the plains around the turn of the century.


Plethora

  •   ਪ੍ਲੇਥਰ = ਬਹੁਤਾਤ, ਬਹੁਲਤਾ
  •   प्लेथर = आधिक्य, अधिकता, बहुलता

I don't see why my mother wants more shoes when she already has a plethora of them.


Posterior

  •   ਪੌਸ੍ਟੀਰੀਅਰ = ਪਿਛਲੇ, ਪਿੱਛਾ, ਮਗਰਲਾ
  •   पास्टीरीअर = पिछवाड़ा, पिछला

Local government was modified by the law of the 10th of February 1889 and by posterior enactments.


Pre Plan

  •   ਪ੍ਰੀ ਪ੍ਲੈਨ = ਪਿਹਲਾ ਹੀ ਯੋਜਨਾ ਬਨਾਣਾ
  •   प्री प्लान = पूर्वयोजित करना, पूर्व योजना बनाना

Everything was pre planned for the trip.


Precise

  •   ਪ੍ਰਿਸਾਇਸ = ਨਿਸ਼ਚਿਤ, ਦਰੁਸਤ, ਪੂਰਾ-ਪੂਰਾ
  •   प्रिसाइस = सूक्ष्म, एकदम सही, निश्चित, ठीक

You need to be more precise in telling us what the problem is if you want us to help you.


Predator

  •   ਪ੍ਰਿਡੇਟਰ = ਲੁਟੇਰਾ, ਦਰਿੰਦਾ
  •   प्रिडेटर = लुटेरा, दरिंदा

Vultures depend on predators to kill food so that they can eat the remains.

The rhinoceros uses its horn to fight off predators.


Predictable

  •   ਪ੍ਰਿਡਿਕ੍ਟਬਲ = ਉਮੀਦ ਦੇ ਮੁਤਾਬਕ, ਅਗਿਆਤ
  •   प्रिडिक्टबल = उम्मीद के मुताबिक, पूर्वानुमेय

A landscape which is eroded by natural water systems will evolve through a series of predictable stages.

Note that as the flow rate is increased, the system becomes less predictable.


Predispose

  •   ਪ੍ਰਿਡਿਸ੍ਪੋਸ = ਰੁਝਾਨ
  •   प्रीडिस्पोज़ = के लिये प्रवृत्त करना, पहले से ही प्रवृत्त होना

Certain genetic disorders predispose people to respiratory infections.

Maybe getting cold and damp does not predispose people to catch a cold.


Prescribed

  •   ਪ੍ਰੀਸ੍ਕ੍ਰਾਇਬ੍ਡ = ਨਿਰਧਾਰਿਤ, ਨਿਯਤ
  •   प्रीस्क्राइब्ड = नियत, निर्धारित

The doctor prescribed antibiotics to stop the infection.

During the middle ages, onions were prescribed to treat headaches, snakebites, and hair loss.


Prestige

  •   ਪ੍ਰੇਸ੍ਟੀਜ = ਇੱਜ਼ਤ, ਗੌਰਵ, ਸ਼ਾਨੋ-ਸ਼ੌਕਤ
  •   प्रेस्टीज = गौरव, प्रतिष्ठा, इज्जत, ख्याति, यश

Barrymore's success in this project has certainly earned him a lot of prestige in his field.

Expo '67 helped Montreal to increase its prestige in the world.


Prestigious

  •   ਪ੍ਰੇਸ੍ਟੀਜਿਯਸ = ਮੰਨੀਆਂ-ਪ੍ਰਮੰਨੀਆਂ, ਮੰਨੀ-ਪ੍ਰਮੰਨੀ
  •   प्रेस्टीजियस = ख्यातिप्राप्त, गौरवमय, प्रतिष्ठापूर्ण, प्रतिष्ठित

Harvard is one of the most prestigious universities in this country.

During my 20 year career, I have had the honor of working with the most prestigious scientists in this field.


Primitive

  •   ਪ੍ਰਿਮਿਟਿਵ = ਪੁਰਾਣੇ, ਪ੍ਰਾਚੀਨ
  •   प्रिमिटिव = प्राचीन, प्रारम्भिक, पहला, प्राथमिक

The primitive tribes of the area were quickly overpowered by the European armies.

Primitive people believed that a sneeze signified approaching death.


Probably

  •   ਪ੍ਰਾਬਬ੍ਲੀ= ਸ਼ਾਇਦ, ਗਾਲਬਨ
  •   प्राबब्ली = शायद, सम्भवतः

The average rent for a two-bedroom apartment in this city is probably about $700 a month now.

The plane will probably arrive a little later than scheduled, due to the bad weather.


Proceed

  •   ਪ੍ਰੋਸੀਡ = ਚੱਲਣਾ, ਤੁਰਨਾ
  •   प्रोसीड = बढ़ते जाना, आगे बढ़ना

After loading our skis and bags, we proceeded onto the bus.

The prosecution has decided not to proceed with an appeal because of a lack of evidence.


Productivity

  •   ਪ੍ਰੋਡਕ੍ਟਿਵਿਟੀ = ਉਤਪਾਦਕਤਾ
  •   प्रोडक्टिविटी = उत्पादकता, उत्पादता

The lighting was cut back to normal and productivity still went up.

Cross-country flights are graveyards for productivity.


Pronounced

  •   ਪ੍ਰੋਨਾਉਨ੍ਸ੍ਡ = ਉਚਾਰਿਤ
  •   प्रोनाउन्स्ड = स्पष्ट, उच्चारित, सुनाया

He was pronounced dead at the hospital an hour later.

With a pronounced crunch, one bumper smashed into another.


Proponent

  •   ਪ੍ਰਪੋਨੇਂਟ = ਅਨੁਪਾਤ, ਸਮਰਥਕ
  •   प्रपोनेंट = अनुपात, समर्थक, प्रस्ताव करने वाला

She's a former small-business owner and a consistent proponent of free trade.

He became a big proponent of reverse psychology, baiting opponents into underestimating your strength.


Proportion

  •   ਪ੍ਰਪੋਰ੍ਸ਼੍ਹਨ = ਮਾਤਰਾ, ਸੰਤੁਲਨ, ਮਾਤ੍ਰਾ
  •   प्रपोर्षन = समानुपाती, समानता, बराबर भाग, तुलना

The proportion of women in the teaching profession is traditionally much higher than that of men.

The animal with the largest brain in proportion to its size is the ant.


Provide

  •   ਪ੍ਰਵਾਇਡ = ਦੇਣਾ, ਉਪਲਬਦ ਕਰਵਾਨਾ
  •   प्रवाइड = जुटाना, देना, प्रदान करना, उपलब्ध कराना

These documents will provide you with all the information you need to write your report.

Analysts predict the company will provide over 100 full-time, permanent jobs in the region.


Provoke

  •   ਪ੍ਰੋਵੋਕ = ਉਕਸਾ, ਭੜਕਾਉਣਾ, ਲੜਾਉਣਾ
  •   प्रवोक = उत्तेजित करना, उकसाना, उकसाना

Some guy at a bar tried to provoke him into a fight, but he wouldn't go for it.

She continually provokes her little brother by telling him how stupid he is.


Publication

  •   ਪਬ੍ਲਿਕੇਸ਼ਨ = ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ਨ, ਕਿਤਾਬ
  •   पब्लिकेशन = प्रकाशन, प्रकाशित पुस्तक

His book is in the final process of being edited and should be ready for publication within a month or so.

The university library subscribes to hundreds of different journals and academic publications.


Pursue

  •   ਪਰ੍ਸ੍ਯੂ = ਡਟਣਾ, ਅਨੁਸਰਣ
  •   पर्स्यू = अनुसरण, जारी रखना

New Zealand has chosen to pursue a policy of non-intervention in the conflict.

There is a Hasidic proverb which states that while we pursue happiness, we flee from contentment.

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